Testing Competing Claims About Overclaiming

We discuss four different perspectives on the phenomenon of overclaiming that have been proposed in the research literature; Overclaiming as a result of a) self-enhancement tendencies, b) as a cognitive bias (e.g., hindsight bias, memory bias), c) as proxy for cognitive abilities, and d) as sign of creative engagement. Moreover, we discuss two different scoring methods for an OCQ (signal detection theory vs. familiarity ratings).